Translated by Lynn Ang, translation accuracy edited by DJ Chang, and English proficiency edited by Zi Cheung Pang
《The extract of the dharma discourse delivered by the Dharma King Living Buddha Lian-sheng during the Prabhutaratna Homa Ceremony at Taiwan Lei Tsang Temple on December 31, 2011》
(This excerpt contains only the dharma discourse on Prabhutaratna given on that day.)
Prabhutaratna Tathagata, the principal deity of today's Homa ceremony, is a great Buddha. It has been mentioned previously that few people are currently praying to, reciting or making offerings to this Buddha. Nevertheless, the Prabhutaratna stupas can be seen in many parts of Mainland China. The very first Prabhutaratna stupa that I have seen was in South Korea's *Xinzhou. One will find the Prabhutaratna stupa as one enters a famous Buddhist monastery in *Xhizhou. Also, there are a number of Prabhutaratna stupas on display in the Museum of Korean Buddhist Art. These are the stupas that I have seen built by the Koreans.
Prabhutaratna Buddha is known by many names. ''Baosheng Buddha,'' as found in the High King Avalokitesvara sutra, is also Prabhutaratna Tathagata. Wherein lies his nobleness? His level is equal to that of Shakyamuni Buddha's. In fact, he attained Buddhahood before Shakyamuni Buddha. At times, in a Prabhutaratna stupa, one may find only Prabhutaratna Tathagata himself. At other times, there are two Buddha statues sitting side-by-side. This phenomenon is indeed very rare and extraordinary that the space next to Prabhutaratna Tathagata is reserved for Shakyamuni Buddha. When Sakyamuni Buddha was transmitting the Lotus Sutra, a Prabhutaratna stupa appeared from the ether. Bearing witness to the Lotus Sutra, Prabhutaratna Tathagata exclaimed that, ''the Lotus Sutra taught by Sakyamuni Buddha is a true and authentic sutra.''
In other words, this sutra is a true discourse by the Buddha. In particular, whenever the Lotus Sutra is being preached, Prabhutaratna Tathagata will surely make an appearance. Indeed, a person has beared witness in Grandmaster's dharma discourse today. He is my father, the virtuous one Lu Ershun, whose appearance today is the glory of Taiwan Lei Tsang Temple. (Audience applause) Similarly, Prabhutaratna Tathagata made an appearance from the ether during Shakyamuni's dharma discourse. Bearing witness to the Lotus Sutra, Prabhutaratna Tathagata exclaimed that Shakyamuni Buddha's discourse of the Lotus Sutra is true and authentic buddhadharma.
Some people are of the opinion that the Prabhutaratna stupa emerged from below the earth and later on lifted up and soared into the ether. If one makes offerings and pays respect to Prabhutaratna Tathagata, he will bless one with lots of treasures in return. So for those attending this ceremony today, they will be blessed with a lot of celestial treasures flowing down from the ether. Prabhutaratna Tathagata is the principal deity of today's Homa ceremony. In contrast, however, only a few people have spoken about Prabhutaratna Tathagata, made fire offerings to him or cultivated his dharma. The reason for this is because shortly after Prabhutaratna Tathagata attained Buddhahood, he left samsara and entered into nirvana swiftly before sentient beings had the chance to be aware of him or his preaching of the dharma. Therefore, few sentient beings know about him. In the past, I have spoken about this, ''At this time, if you pray to Prabhutaratna Tathagata, he will bestow treasures to you.'' (Audience applause) The reason for that is not many pray to him. As one does pray to him, he feels particularly happy. For commonly known deities, such as Amitabha Buddha whom many pray to for blessings and whose name many recite daily, may have gotten so used to people chanting their names that they become less responsive to the chanting. Unless one makes a special effort in one's prayers that touches their hearts, it is less likely for one to be noticed by these deities. Prabhutaratna Tathagata or Baosheng Buddha, on the other hand, is a buddha not commonly known and therefore not frequently prayed to for blessings. Hence, Prabhutaratna Tathagata will be particularly happy if one suddenly recites his name and prays to him. Moreover, if one makes fire offerings to Prabhutaratna Tathagata, emotionally he will be overjoyed and high spirited, and as a result, he will bestow a lot of treasures to one. It is easy to achieve a spiritual union with Prabhutaratna Tathagata.
The mudra of Prabhutaratna Tathagata resembles a blossoming lotus flower, with a gap in between the two palms so that each palm represents half of the flower. His mantra is ''Namo-bo-hu-la, da-na-ye, da-ta-ge-da-ye.'' His seed syllable is ''Ah.'' He wears a red monk robe and his body is yellow. With his image, mudra and mantra, we are thus able to construct a Vajrayana dharma practice.
One will earn many merits by cultivating his dharma practice. Sentient beings who hear the name of Prabhutaratna Tathagata will possess sufficient wealth, obtain whatever they wish for and need, and benefit from it infinitely. As for ghosts, the blessings of reciting the name of Prabhutaratna Tathagata can eradicate their evil karma of having been stingy in many past lives. As a result of reciting the name of Prabhutaratna Tathagata, ghosts will obtain complete fortune and merit. This tathagata is the principal deity of enrichment practice in the Lotus Sutra. In particular, when the Lotus Sutra is being preached, the Prabhutaratna stupa would appear from below the earth, lift up and soar into the ether. In actual fact, Prabhutaratna is also a wealth god because he is the principal deity of the dharma for enrichment, namely a fortune god. Therefore, Grandmaster is wearing yellow and red today. Have a look! Dharma brother Qizhong is also wearing yellow today as he is aware that one needs to wear yellow for Prabhutaratna Tathagata to bestow wealth and treasures to oneself. How sharp is he! Hence, dharma brother Qizhong ought to be wealthy and prosperous too. The Prabhutaratna stupa is truly solemn and dignified. It really is exceptional.
*Note: Xhizhou was later corrected to Gyeongju by Grandmaster during his dharma talk on July 22, 2012.
An empowerment must be received from Living Buddha Lian-sheng or an authorized True Buddha School master before engaging in this particular sadhana.
Translated by TBTTs (Sections relevant to Nairatmya only)
Translator: Ball Li
Translation Accuracy Editor: Angela Yeh
English Proficiency Editor: Henry Wolf
Today's homa is for Nairatmya. This deity is quite new and very few people do this homa. A discussion of Nairatmya's background leads to a discussion of the Kagyu lineage. The Kagyu lineage began with Tilopa and was passed on to Naropa. Both Tilopa and Naropa were Indian. Subsequently Marpa studied Buddhism with Drokmi Lotsawa. When Marpa requested a practice manual from Drokmi Lotsawa, Drokmi Lotsawa told him, ''I can accept your request for the dharma practice manual. However, as this dharma is really, truly great you must present me nine cows, forty nine sheep and your villa.'' When Marpa heard that all of these had to be contributed to Drokmi Lotsawa, he felt the price was too high for a practice manual and an empowerment. Instead he decided to sell a few things for gold. He then travelled from Tibet through Nepal to India to find Master Naropa. Master Naropa taught him the Shri Hevajra Tantra and Six Yogas of Naropa. The Six Yogas of Naropa is the same thing as the Six Yogas of Tilopa and the Six Yogas of Niguma. They are are all part of the same lineage which has been passed down orally. The Kagyu lineage is from Tilopa to Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa, Gampopa and then to all Kagyu Karmapas. The Kagyu lineage has been passed down in this way. Hevajra's consort is Nairatmya, who actually represents a very significant spirit in Vajrayana. In the Prajna System, the Middle Way System and the Consciousness-only System
the buddha mother ''Nairatmya'' is the buddha manifested to symbolize the ''selflessness'' of the synthesis of the ''Prajna,'' ''Middle Way,'' and ''Consciousness'' of these three systems respectively. Later on, people called Marpa's wife ''Nairatmya.'' There isn't just one ''Nairatmya.'' Anyone who practices the Hevajra Consort Practice is called ''Nairatmya.'' Nairatmya is a symbol.
The Sandhinirmocana Sutra mentions that ''What is perfectly enlightened absolute reality'' or what is the absolute reality of perfect achievement? It is the ''non-existence of the self-nature,'' that is, ''without self-nature.'' Actually, the ultimate truth of ''non-existent self-nature'' is ''no-self.'' It is because there is no ''self'' that there is no ''self-nature,'' and being of ''no self-nature'' is called the nature of non-existent self-nature, and the ''absolute reality of perfect accomplishment.'' It's quite difficult to explain. Selflessness is also called ''Bodhisattva.'' In the prajna wisdom, ''Bodhisattva'' is to learn how to be selfless. ''Mother'' is giving life to everything. It is from ''no-self'' that all life is produced. For example, the aspiration to bodhicitta is inspired by the spirit of selflessness. It is out of the spirit of selflessness that we seek to deliver sentient beings. We cultivate with selflessness to reach perfection and accomplishment. This point is extremely important.
Speaking of lineage, the Kagyu lineage started from Tilopa and then went to Naropa, Marpa, Milarepa, and then to Gampopa, who were all lay Buddhists. From Gampopa on the Kagyu sect began an ordination lineage as they all became monastics. Patriarch Gampopa was originally ordained in the Kadam sect. As a monk of the Kadam sect Gampopa sought out Milarepa to learn Dharma. He ended up as the successor of the Kagyu lineage. After Gampopa came Karma Pakshi, a black-crowned Great Living Buddha, namely a Karmapa. The black-crowned living buddhas have passed on through sixteen generations. It is now the 17th generation. There are two 17th Karmapas. One is named Ogyen Trinley Dorje and the other, Trinley Thaye Dorje. There are these two Karmapas. I met the 16th Karmapa in upstate New York and received his empowerment and blessing. Therefore I have the lineage from the 16th Karmapa. I just introduced to everyone how I received the Kagyu lineage. [audience applause]
''Selflessness'' is a great spirit. ''Mother,'' is giving birth to everything. ''Nairatmya'' is the spiritual symbol of all things engendered from no-self. Therefore, ''Nairatmya'' is not just one single deity. Anyone can be considered Nairatmya who gives birth to all dharma methods and produces the all-encompassing bodhicitta by practicing and having learned selflessness from Nairatmya. Let's see her mudras. Her right hand is holding a kartika skyward and her left hand is holding a kapala, which is a vessel made from a human skull. Dharma brother Chi Zhong, the one chanting Mahamudra prayer at meal time, gets out his kapala, fills it with food and eats with great pleasure. We Han Chinese are taken aback by the way he eats. We ask him, ''How can you eat from a human skull?'' Is Chi Zhong so poor he can't afford a bowl? In fact, it's not like that. His kapala is lined with metal and that is how he is able to eat out of it. Nairatmya's mudras are one hand holding a kartika skyward and the other hand holding a kapala. She also carries a khatvanga, which symbolizes Padmasambhava's staff that eradicates greed, anger, and ignorance.
In Tibet, when carving buddha statues, generally speaking if it is a dharma protector one of his legs is straight and the other one is bent like the pose in a tango. When you think of the tango pose you will think of a dharma protector's pose. What about Nairatmya? She's holding a dancing pose with one leg bending upward and the other one standing on the floor. That's her body mudra. Her mantra is Om-Ah-Hum, Fa-zha, So-ha. The pronunciation in Tibetan is Om-Ah-Hum, Pei, So-ha. With Nairatmya's mantra, her body mudra and her hand mudra, we can then practice her dharma. Nairatmya's praise verse, however, is different. Nairatmya is mainly for subjugation. So is Hevajra.
Speaking of Nairatmya, actually, the spirit of selflessness is quite difficult. Selflessness is one of the three dharma seals of the Hinayana. The three dharma seals are impermanence, selflessness and nirvana. These are taught by the Buddha. Of these three the ''no-self in all phenomena'' means there is no self-nature in any phenomenon. That is, there is no self-nature, no original self-nature, in any phenomena. If you can realize the non-existence of self-nature in any manifested phenomena, that is the realization of ''no-self.''
Bodhicitta is derived from the spirit of selflessness. If you can achieve selflessness, there won't be any wars in this world; families will not fight among themselves and one will not come into conflict with others. Buddhism is essentially a religion ''without criticizing.'' This so-called ''non-criticizing religion'' is derived from selflessness. If you have no concern for yourself you won't argue with others. If you are concerned about yourself, you will fight with others. There are wars between countries because people think of ''I.'' If there is no ''self'' there is only peace in the world. Families are at peace with love and respect. People are not fighting among themselves. All this quarrelling and fighting arises from attachment to ''self.''
Let me tell you a joke. A woman and her husband are drinking in their backyard. The wife says, ''I really love you. I don't know what to do without you.'' Her husband hears her and starts to cry because he's never heard her say anything like this. He wipes his tears with his handkerchief and is very touched. His wife sees him crying and says, ''What are you doing? I am talking to the wine. I really love you - wine. I can't do without you - wine.'' A misunderstanding! A misunderstanding! This is really a misunderstanding. When two people are together, they won't get along if each still has ''self attachment.'' If you treat others with ''selflessness'' others will also treat you in the spirit of ''selflessness.'' If you treat others with absolute total love of bodhicitta, you'll have a perfect family. Conflicts in the mundane world all have their cause in human selfishness. Therefore, as a practitioner, remember this very important thing: learn the spirit of selflessness. Going deeper into the spirit of selflessness, you will come to non-arising and enlightenment is a step further. (audience applause)
Translated by TBTTs (sections relevant to Sangharama Bodhisattva only)
Translator: Henry Wolf
Editor: DJ Chang
(Following is an excerpt of Dharma King Living Buddha Lian-sheng discourse on Sangharama Bodhisattva, Nov. 19, 2011, at Taiwan Lei Tsang Temple.)
Today, we conducted a homa ceremony for Sangharama Bodhisattva (Chinese: Qielan Zun Zhe). Sangharama Bodhisattva is in fact none other than Guan Sheng Di Jun, a deity highly venerated by the Chinese people. How did Sangharama Bodhisattva become a protector of Buddhism? According to a legend of ancient China, while in meditation, a Zen master saw Guan Sheng Di Jun - Guan Yunchang, leading a host of netherworld troops to attack an enemy force on a battlefield. The great Zen master then invited Guan Sheng Di Jun to become a protector of Buddhism. Sangharama Bodhisattva's magnificent and influential spirituality make him a divine and highly significant being.
In temples in China, one will find Skanda and Sangharama Bodhisattva. As Sangharama Bodhisattva was transmitted through the generations, he became the most highly venerated divine protector of temples. In most temples in China, Skanda is placed on the left side and Sangharama Bodhisattva is placed on the right side. Sangharama Bodhisattva's depiction is one and the same as Guan Sheng Di Jun. Sangharama Bodhisattva is found in Chinese temples, but one will not find him in Tibet. Tibetan Vajrayana does not have Sangharama Bodhisattva. Guan Sheng Di Jun became Sangharama Bodhisattva only because a great Chinese Zen master saw Guan Sheng Di Jun while in meditation and invited him to be Sangharama Bodhisattva.
The Chinese characters ''qie lan'' mean ''monastery'' (Sanskrit: sangharama). Lei Tsang temple is a ''qielan.'' In ancient times, a smaller temple would be called a ''jingshe.'' A temple was also called a ''lanre'' (translit. of Sanskrit Aranyakah). ''Jingshe'' and ''lanre'' both mean ''temple.'' Therefore, Qielan Venerable (Zun Zhe) indicates ''venerable of a temple.'' The name Qielan Zun Zhe also means divine protector of a temple or dharma protector of Buddhism. Therefore, Sangharama is a major dharma protector and divine protector.
Most Chinese households enshrine Guanyin, Matzu, and Guan Sheng Di Jun. He is therefore a truly significant and sacred deity. In overseas Chinese communities, every shop and restaurant enshrines Guanyin and Guan Sheng Di Jun. One will find Guan Sheng Di Jun enshrined and worshipped as a wealth deity wherever there are Chinese people and overseas Chinese communities. I do not know of any legends surrounding how Guan Sheng Di Jun became a wealth deity. Guan Sheng Di Jun may be considered a wealth deity because he keeps evil spirits away so that good fortune naturally comes in. (applause)
Guan Sheng Di Jun is the symbol of loyalty and righteousness. Why loyalty? He was loyal to Emperor Zhaolie of the Han Dynasty in Western Shu. At that time, there were Three Kingdoms governed by Cao Cao, Liu Bei, and Sun Quan, and there was the oath of brotherhood in the Peach Garden. Guan Sheng Di Jun finally met his demise at Baidi City. At the beginning, Cao Cao offered Guan Sheng Di Jun the richest and most valuable rewards in hopes of persuading him to serve the Kingdom of Wei. But Guan Sheng Di Jun was not moved and remained loyal to Han.
As for righteousness, Guan Sheng Di Jun fought through five key checkpoints and slayed six captains to protect his two sister-in-laws who were Liu Bei's wives. Guan Sheng Di Jun brought them back to be with Liu Bei. This was the righteousness of the brotherhood. From beginning to end Guan Sheng Di Jun was loyal to his country and righteous toward friends and all sentient beings! He is therefore the symbol of loyalty and righteousness. Fighting through five key checkpoints and slaying six captains was extremely difficult. Therefore, Guan Yunchang is loyal, righteous, and a truly great and sacred figure. (applause)
The homa we conducted today for Sangharama is to convey respect to our Guan Yunchang. Sangharama is a dharma protector of Buddhism. If one gains the protection of Sangharama, one will not become evil or enter the three evil paths. To gain the protection of Sangharama, one must cultivate Sangharama Practice. Sangharama has a ''name'' mantra: ''Om。qie-lan。sid-dhi。Hum。'' His mudra is the Vajra Mudra. As for his visualization, one may visualize that Sangharama has a Red Rabbit Horse and a scimitar called the Blue-green Dragon Scimitar. His depiction? He is sometimes depicted as holding and reading the Spring and Autumn Annals. One can also visualize Sangharma as the image depicted in the thangka. The elements of visualization, mantra and mudra constitute a sadhana for practice. The True Buddha Foundation will prepare a sadhana and a praise verse for Sangharama Bodhisattva and Skanda Bodhisattva. These two deities are dharma protectors of Buddhism, especially in China.
Translated by TBTTs (sections relevant to Skanda Bodhisattva only)
Translator: Henry Wolf
Editor: DJ Chang
(Following is an excerpt of Dharma King Living Buddha Lian-sheng discourse on Skanda Bodhisattva, Nov. 12, 2011, at Taiwan Lei Tsang Temple.)
Today, we conducted a homa ceremony for Weituo, who is the dharma protector Skanda Bodhisattva. In most temples in Taiwan, one will find two great protectors. One is the dharma protector Skanda Bodhisattva. The other is the dharma protector Sangharama Bodhisattva. In temples in mainland China, after passing the first heavenly gate and entering the main temple, the first thing one sees will be the Four Heavenly Kings. These are namely, Heavenly King of Learning, Heavenly King Who Upholds his Country, Heavenly King of Increase and Growth, and Heavenly King of the Broad Eyes. The Four Heavenly Kings directly face Maitreya Bodhisattva, who is the future buddha. Upon turning around, one will see the dharma protector Skanda Bodhisattva, who always faces the main hall. Statues of Sakyamuni Buddha, Medicine Buddha, and Amitabha Buddha are located in the main hall.
Skanda Bodhisattva is quite famous. After Shakyamuni was cremated, a large number of relics were found in his ashes. Ghost monsters called Non-human stole the relics and quickly ran away. At that very moment Skanda appeared. Skanda, who is foremost in the Divine Foot, went flying after the ghost monsters, caught them, and retrieved the stolen relics. This was the dharma protector Skanda.
In temples in Taiwan, one will find Skanda Bodhisattva and Sangharama Bodhisattva neatly and properly arranged. What is great about Skanda Bodhisattva? To put it simply, the first buddha of the first thousand buddhas of the Auspicious Aeon is Lotus Light Buddha. The first buddha of the second thousand buddhas of the Auspicious Aeon will be Rudita Buddha. No one knows who Rudita Buddha is, but it turns out that Rudita Buddha is none other than Skanda Bodhisattva. (applause) The first buddha of the third thousand buddhas of the Auspicious Aeon will be Maitreya Bodhisattva, that is, Maitreya Buddha.
We visited the eight great sacred sites in India. The first of these sites, Lumbini, is where Sakyamuni was born. The second sacred site is Deer Park. This is where Sakyamuni converted the five monks. The third site is Bodh Gaya. This is where Sakyamuni attained enlightenment under the bodhi tree. The next site is Vulture Peak in Rajagaha, where Shakyamuni discoursed the Buddhadharma. Then there is Kalaṇḍaka Veṇuvana where Sakyamuni lived. The next sacred site is Jetavana Grove where Sakyamuni also lived for a period of time. There is also the famous sacred site of Kushinagar where Sakyamuni entered parinirvana under a sal tree and was cremated. Some of these sacred sites are in India and some are in Nepal. Lumbini is in Nepal. Kushinagar is where the Buddha entered parinirvana and was cremated. This is also where the dharma protector Skanda retrieved Sakyamuni's relics.
In the future, when dharma protector Skanda Bodhisattva attains Buddhahood, he will be called Rudita Buddha. Rudita Buddha will be the first buddha of the second thousand of the three thousand buddhas of the Auspicious Aeon. He has a wonderful background and is truly magnificent.
Skanda's mudra is the Vajra Mudra. His mantra is ''Om。 wei-tuo-tian-duo。ma-ha-tian-duo。 so-ha。'' (Grandmaster recites the mantra). One recites the mantra and forms the mudra.
Everyone knows about dharma protector Skanda Bodhisattva. His image is the same as the statue we can see from the main hall of our temple. He carries a demon subjugating sceptre in his hand. His image, mantra, and mudra constitute a sadhana for practice. What is the capability of Skanda? Skanda is the future Rudita Buddha and therefore capable of doing anything.
Today we conducted a homa for the dharma protector Skanda Bodhisattva. We pray to Skanda to protect those participating in the ceremony and those registered for the ceremony. May everyone have good health and success in their undertakings (applause); may all netherworld beings be delivered to the pure land; may the blessing light increase our good fortune and wisdom; may we have perfect love and respect; and may Skanda's demon subjugating sceptre vanquish our enemies and drive away our karmic creditors. (applause)
Translated by TBTTs (sections relevant to Mahesvara Budddha only)
Translator: Henry Wolf
Translation Accuracy Editor: DJ Chang
English Proficiency Editor: Henry Wolf
In Panama I expounded ''Kalachakra Sun-Moon Disc Practice.'' At the True Buddha Society of Houston I introduced ''Kalachakra's Five Wheels.'' At Seattle Ling Shen Ching Tze Temple I transmitted Mahabrahma Practice. At True Buddha Florida St. Dak Tong in Florida I transmitted the ''Supreme Divine Water Practice.'' In New York I gave a talk on the ''Mahapratisara Bodhisattva Practice.'' In Philadelphia I talked about the authentic Padmakumara dharma lineage flow of the True Buddha School. All of these dharma practices are extremely important.
Mahabrahma, the ''creator,'' whose practice I transmitted at Lei Zang Temple in Seattle, is the first of the three main gods of Hinduism. Today I am transmitting the second deity of the Hindu Trinity, Mahesvara, who is the ''destroyer.'' Mahasvara is the opposite of the ''creator.'' When ''Tathagata'' is added to ''Mahesvara'' therein are many secrets. The Hindu Trinity also includes Vishnu, the ''preserver.'' In Hinduism the three deities of ''creation,'' ''preservation,'' and ''destruction'' rule the cosmic rhythm of the universe as a whole. The ''Hindu Trinity'' represent the cosmic cycle of Hinduism.
It can't be said that Buddhism originated entirely in Hinduism. Buddhism was also derived from the buddha's realization within himself all the fundamental cyclic patterns, principles and essential truths of the entire cosmos. It was because of his fundamental awakening and realization that he founded Buddhism.
Shakyamuni Buddha is the founder of our Buddhism. It's said that ''The king of kings is the Lord of the Sixth Heaven; The saint of saints is the great enlightened Buddha.'' The ''sixth heaven'' is the heaven of Mahesvara, the abode of Mahesvara Tathagata.
In Japan there is a religious sect, a branch of Buddhism, whose practice consists solely of reciting the Lotus Sutra. What is this sect called? The ''Nichiren Sect.'' They never allow anyone to see their Gohonzon. In their Gohonzon, Namo Shakyamuni Buddha occupies the center. To Shakyamuni's left is the so-called ''Mahesvara Mara.'' Mahesvara Mara is within their venerable Gohonzon. What I am now telling you is that this is a great secret. This secret is rarely spoken of by anyone. But today Master Lianzhe said he wanted to have a homa for ''Mahesvara Buddha.'' All of you searched through all the Buddhist sutras and Buddhist dictionaries for ''Mahesvara Buddha'' but did you find any mention of this deity? A few Masters are saying ''no,'' some are just keeping quiet, and some have a blank face. There is no mention of ''Mahesvara Buddha'' in the Buddhist dictionaries but Master Lianzhe still requested a homa for Mahesvara Buddha. He even faxed questions to America asking ''What is the mudra and the mantra of Mahesvara Buddha?'' I had to perform a homa for ''Mahesvara Buddha'' within two days of my return yet no one knew Mahasvara's mudra or mantra. Today if I hadn't known Mahesvara Buddha's mantra and mudra, how would I be able to transmit the dharma? It would be ''Chuan Ji lei mo'' in Taiwanese and ''Chuan yi ge mo'' in Mandarin (meaning useless). Did you know the mantra and mudra before I taught them to you? You completely didn't know. There is a Master here today from Japan. ''Domo konichiwa'' (''how are you'' in Japanese.) ''sumimasen'' (''I am sorry'' in Japanese). Everyone just knows about ''Mahesvara.'' Nobody has ever heard of ''Mahesvara Buddha.''
The universe is truly astounding and wonderful. There is a reason why Hinduism has the ''Hindu Trinity'' of ''creation,'' ''destruction'' and ''preservation.'' Likewise in Taoism things happen for a reason. A ''Taiji'' symbol is depicted with an ''S'' running down the middle. One side of the symbol is white and the other side is black. The white is called ''yang'' and the black, ''yin.'' The white represents daytime and the black, nighttime. The ''yangji'' of Taoism means pure yang, and yinji, pure ying. Other than that, everything else is either yin with some yang, or yang with some yin. Yin and yang come in cycles, one after the other. Yin and yang together is the path. In addition, yang represents ''fire'' and yin, ''water.'' Yang also symbolizes the ''father'' and yin, the ''mother.'' Mankind and the universe are a cycle. Nothing will keep expanding forever because when a certain point is reached that expansion will transform into ''yin.'' And when the yin reaches its ultimate point it will itself ''give birth to yang,'' renewing itself back into yang. ''some yin in yang'' and ''some yang in yin'' imply a cycle, a reincarnation.
The heaven of Mahesvara, whom we call Mara, is where the king Mara resides. Grand Master has spoken of the existence of many pure lands. Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva's pure land is called ''Chiwei Pure Land.'' Maitreya Bodhisattva's pure land is the ''Maitreya Pure Land'' located in the inner court of Tuṣita Heaven, which is also a heaven realm. Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva's pure land is located in hell. Mahesvara also has a pure land. Where is Shakyamuni Buddha's pure land? It is located in ''Akanistha,'' the highest of the material heavens. Shakyamuni's pure land is a palace in this heaven. In the west there is Amitabha Buddha's ''Western Pure Land of Ultimate Bliss.'' In the east there is Abhirata Pure Land of Aksobhya Buddha and the Lapis Lazuli Light Pure Land of Medicine Buddha. Many of the ''heavens'' contain pure lands and such is the heaven of Mahesvara. It has a pure land called ''Supreme Palace of the Dharma Realm.'' The buddha who resides in this pure land is Mahesvara Buddha.
Sutras frequently mention that ''The king of the kings is the king of the sixth heaven.''The sixth heavenly king is Mahesvara. Mahesvara Buddha is another king residing in the Supreme Palace of the Dharma Realm in the heaven of Mahesvara. Many buddhas come and go from the heaven of Mahesvara. Therefore there are many buddhas in this realm. How then was Mahesvara Buddha engendered? I told Master Lianzhe that he should enshrine the image of Mahavairocana, a buddha of 13th ground, as today's image of Mahesvara Buddha. And may I enquire, which deity's image was used today? It was Mahavairocana? It was the image of Mahavairocana Buddha with the Turning the Dharma Wheel mudra. There are a great many different representations of Mahavairocana but the deity in the thangka we have today is that of Mahavairocana with the Turning the Dharma Wheel mudra.
H All of you must think it's strange. How does ''Mahesvara'' have the ''Supreme Palace of the Dharma Realm?'' Moreover, Mahesvara Buddha dwells there? Here, there are several mantras. ''Om'' is the universe; ''mo-xi,'' everyone thinks ''mo-xi'' is the ''Moses'' of Christianity, the Israelite ''Moses'' mentioned in the Book of Genesis of the bible. At that time, there was a Hebrew named ''Moses'' in Egypt who led the Hebrews out of Egypt (the ''Book of Exodus''). But the ''mo-xi'' of this mantra is not this ''Moses.'' These two ''mo-xi'' have different meanings. ''Mo-xi'' is actually ''Mahesvara.'' ''Shi-la-po-ye'' is ''shi-po'' for short (Shiva). All together it is ''mo-xi-shou-luo-tian-shi-po-shen.''
''Bu-da'' is the buddha, and ''so-ha'' perfects everything. The mantra of Mahesvara Buddha is formed like this: ''Om。mo-xi-shou-luo-tian-shi-po-shen。bu-da。so-ha。'' This mantra contains both ''Mahesvara'' and ''Buddha,'' which means Buddha and Mara are the same. They are one.
According to what is in the ''Eight Trigrams,'' ''yin'' and ''yang'' are in conflict, but they are actually a whole. ''Buddha'' and ''Mara'' are in conflict, but they are also one and the same. Look at the ''yang'' and the ''yin'' of the Taiji symbol of Chinese Taoism. Together they are the Tao. ''Buddha'' and ''Mara'' together are also the Tao. Within this mantra there is ''Buddha'' and there is ''Mara.'' So then, what are humans? Within the human body there is ''yang'' and ''yin,'' ''fire'' and ''water,'' and ''father'' and ''mother.'' A human being is a microcosm whereas the universe as a whole is a macrocosm. When one is able to utterly exhaust yin and transform the yin into pure yang, one will then be able to find the truth. In Taoism one reaches the truth through ''pure yang.'' It is the same in reaching Buddhahood. You must find the truth within yourself.
Gohonzon: In Nichiren Buddhism, a honzon or gohonzon usually refers specifically to the moji-mandala (文字曼荼羅 ''script mandala'' or ''mandala written with characters'') that is the object of veneration in various Nichiren schools.
!!Please be aware that before engaging in any True Buddha Vajrayana practices, one must first take refuge and receive the respective empowerment.!!